Taj Mahal | History Of Taj Mahal | Places To Visit In India

Taj Mahal

History of Taj Mahal, When it was Built, Who built it

As soon as we hear the name of Agra city of India, the Taj Mahal comes first in our mind. This palace made of white marble is a sign of infinite love. It was fabricated by the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan. It is one of the seven wonders of the world. It has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. It has been called one of the “best human works” appreciated by the whole world as a world heritage. It is believed that Shah Jahan got his hands cut by all his artisans after getting it built so that no one else could build a building like this.

We all must have heard a little about the history of Taj Mahal. Those who have come to see it, will once again want to see the Taj Mahal and those who have not seen it will definitely want to go here. So let us know some interesting information related to it.

Where Is The Taj Mahal Located ?

It is situated on the banks of Yamuna River in Agra city of Uttar Pradesh, India. It was fabricated by the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal.

Information About Mumtaj Mahal Story

Mumtaz Mahal (1 September 1593 – 17 June 1631) was the princess of the country of Parasia, who married the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan of India. Mumtaz Mahal was the most loved wife of Shah Jahan. He loved Mumtaz Mahal very much. In 1631, at the age of 37, Mumtaz Mahal died while giving birth to her 14th child Gauhra Begum.

History Of Taj Mahal Construction

  • The credit for the construction of the Taj Mahal goes to Shah Jahan, the fifth Mughal ruler. Shah Jahan ruled India from 1628 to 1658. Shah Jahan, among all his wife, built the Taj Mahal in memory of the beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal.
  • It is also known as “Mumtaz’s Tomb”. After the death of Mumtaz Mahal, Shah Jahan became very inconsolable. Then he decided to build Taj Mahal in memory of his wife to keep his love alive.
  • It was only after 1631 that Shah Jahan officially announced the construction of the Taj Mahal and started construction of the Taj Mahal in 1632.
  • It took a long time to build the Taj Mahal. Although the construction of this mausoleum was completed in 1643 itself, but it took almost ten years to build it while working on all its aspects.
  • The entire Taj Mahal was constructed in 1653 at a cost of about 320 lakh rupees, which today is worth 52.8 billion rupees (827 million dollars).
  • 20,000 artisans worked under the Mughal craftsman Ustad Ahmad Lahori in its construction. It is said that after its construction, Shah Jahan got all his artisans hands cut.

Architecture Of Taj Mahal

Architecture of Taj Mahal is based on Persia and ancient Mughal art.

  • The art of Persia dynasty and many Mughal buildings such as Gur-E-Aamir, Humayun’s Tomb, Itmadud-Daulah’s Tomb and Shah Jahan’s Jama Masjid in Delhi form the basis of the construction art of Taj Mahal.
  • During the Mughal rule, red stones were used in the construction of almost all buildings, but for the construction of Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan choose white marble.
  • The walls of the Taj Mahal were decorated with many types of carvings and diamond inlay on these white marble.

Sections Of It

Mumtaz Mahal’s tomb is the main building of the Taj Mahal. In its main hall, there is a fake tomb of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. They are decorated very well. His original tomb is situated on the lowest floor. To build this mausoleum, dome, dome umbrella and minaret were built above the Taj Mahal. So let us know in detail all these parts of it.

1. Mausoleum

  • The mausoleum of Mumtaz Mahal is the center of the entire Taj Mahal. It is made of big, white marble. A large dome is adorning this tomb.
  • Mumtaz’s tomb is spread over about 42 acres. It is surrounded by gardens from all sides. A wall has been built on its three sides.
  • The foundation of this mausoleum is square. Each side of the square is 55 meters. Actually, the shape of this building is octagon (8 angles), but the walls of its eight angles are much wider than the rest of the four sides, so the shape of the foundation of this building is considered as square.
  • The four towers of the mausoleum appear to be the frame of the building.

2. Dome

  • The white marble dome is present on the top of the mausoleum of Mumtaz Mahal. This dome is like a reverse urn.
  • Kirit Kalash is located on the dome. This urn is the main element of Persian and Hindu object art.

3. Canopies

  • To support the dome, small dome shaped umbrellas have been made around it. Their base shines on the mausoleum of Mumtaz Mahal.

4. Kalash

  • In 1800 AD, the urn on the peak dome of the Taj Mahal was made of gold, but now it has been built by bronze.
  • On this urn is the shape of the moon, whose upper figure points to heaven. The shape of the moon and the tip of the urn make the shape of a trident, this trident represents the sign of Lord Shiva of Hindu belief.

5. Tower

  • There are four towers 40 meters high at the four corners of the Taj. Just as the mosque has minarets to offer azaan, similarly the Taj Mahal’s minarets have also been constructed.
  • These four minarets have been constructed in such a way that these four towers are tilted slightly outwards. The logic behind their outward tilt was that in the event of the building collapsing, the towers fell outward, so that the main building would not suffer any damage.

Articles On The Wall Of Taj Mahal

  • As soon as you enter the Taj Mahal from the entrance of the building, you experience a different peace. There is a very beautiful calligraphy at its entrance, “O soul! May you rest with God, rest in peace with God and let his complete peace rest upon you.”
  • The credit of these articles goes to the Persian cleric Amanat Khan.
  • This article has been written by rooting Jasper in white marble panels.
  • Many surasĀ  are described in the article written in the Taj Mahal. This sura is present in the Quran.
  • There are many verses of Quran in this sura.

Outdoor Decoration

Taj Mahal is a very beautiful work. This is a unique example of Mughal architecture. It has been made by inlaying various carvings and gems.

World Heritage

It is one of the most favorite tourist destinations of the whole world. It attracts about seven to six lakh tourists every year. This is the main source of tourism income of the Government of India. People from many countries come from all over the world to see this. In 2007, the Taj Mahal once again made its way into the new seven wonders.

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